Types of DNS records

Do you know what types of DNS records are out there? If you don’t know them all, don’t worry, we will explain them all in brief. By identifying them, you can easily manage your DNS plan in the best possible way.

DNS records

SOA Record

SOA (Start of Authority) shows the start of the authority DNS zone and specifies the global parameters of the zone. Every zone must have one, and you can’t add two per zone. It has the following parameters: Serial number, Primary Nameserver, DNS admin’s email, Refresh Rate, Retry Rate, Expire Time and TTL.

A and AAAA Records

Both of these DNS records point your domain name to an IP. The difference is that A points to an IPv4 and the AAAA to IPv6

MX Record

The mail exchanger record verifies the mail server for receiving emails. Basically, it says which server should receive the incoming emails. If it is not directed well, you won’t receive emails.

CNAME Record

Canonical Name. It points to another name, not to an IP like the A and AAAA records. It serves just for subdomains; you can add only one per hostname.

TXT Record

There are different TXT records. People can easily understand some and machines read others. DKIM (DomainKeys Identified Mail) record is TXT record which associates a domain name with a specific email message; DMARC (Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance) Record serves to identify and block spam and phishing mails by verifying the emails.

SPF Record

SPF (Sender Policy Framework) which shows who is authorized to send emails with a particular domain. Without it, all the emails you send will go directly to the spam folder of the recipients.

NS Record

NS from Nameservers, this record points the domain to its name servers responsible for the DNS zone.

SRV Record

SRV records are defining the locations of servers for specified services.

WR Record

Web Redirect does precisely what it says; it redirects from one address to another. There are few types: 301 redirect which is a constant redirect, 302 redirect which is temporary, if the address has been moved but not permanently. You can do such a redirection with SSL too.

ALIAS Record

ALIAS record is a very similar to the CNAME record. It allows you to add various hostnames for the same subdomain. You can use it for the root domain as well. This type of record is built into the ClouDNS.

RP Record

Responsible person record shows who is responsible for the domain and specifies its email.

SSHFP Record

Secure Shell Fingerprint record is used for Secure Shell (SSH). The SSHFP record is typically used with DNSSEC enabled domains. When an SSH client connects to a server, he or she checks the corresponding SSHFP record. If there is a match, the server is legit, and it is safe to connect to it.

PTR Record

Pointer record, are opposite to the A and AAAA records. They match the IPs to hostnames. Use them for Reverse DNS.

NAPTR Record

IP telephony uses Naming Authority Pointer records for mapping the servers and the users’ addresses in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP).

CAA record

Certification Authority Authorization record gives the ability to the DNS domain name holder to issue certificates for his/her domain. The record can set policies for the whole domain or for specific hostnames.

Wildcard DNS Record

This record will match request for non-existing domain names. It is specified with a “*” for example *.cloudns.net

If you want to learn more about those DNS records and to see examples of them and video tutorial about how to create them, you can check our Wiki.

Knowing more DNS records and how to use them will give you an advantage in your DNS usage. You can manage better, and you can get better results.
If you can’t figure how to use some of the records on your own, you can always contact our Technical Support (support@cloudns.net) who would be happy to help you.

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