Can we use free DNS? Free DNS vs. Premium

If you are searching already free DNS, you know what DNS is and for what it serves. The DNS will resolve your domain name. If you have more DNS servers and they are spread around the world, this process will be faster, and it will reduce the load. It will even add an extra level of protection, imagine if one of the servers is down, the users can still find your domain using the rest of the DNS servers.

Free DNS

Free DNS

Different companies offer such a Free DNS plan like us from ClouDNS.net. With this plan, you can manage your DNS. It has many of the features of a professional DNS plan. You can use up to 4 DNS servers and 3 DNS zones. You will have three mail forwards. This plan is popular among people who need Dynamic DNS for their connected devices like CCTV cameras and other security measurements. It is used for personal blogs or parked domains.

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Round Robin Load Balancing. Simple and efficient

We have already talked about load balancing. You can read the previous article HERE. Briefly explained, the traffic on the internet is constantly increasing. There are more devices connected and the data that circuit is more too. In order to manage all of this load, you need a load balancer that distributes it among the servers to reduce the load. Now we will focus just on one method to do so – Round Robin.

Round Robin

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CDN and SEO, are they connected?

What is CDN (content delivery network)

CDN is a network of servers geographically located in different areas around the world. They serve as a load balancer that redirect the traffic that goes to your website to the closest Point of Presence near you. It is like a shortcut. Now your visitors will not waste time to get to the web host service you use. They will be conveniently redirected to a cached data of your site, that is milliseconds away from them. They will open the pages fast and will have a better experience.

What is SEO?

SEO

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Traceroute command and its options

Traceroute

Many network administrators use the traceroute command daily. It is a convenient tool that you can use under different operation systems – Windows (Tracert), MacOS, Linux (traceroute) and even on mobile (Android and iOS).

You can use traceroute, and see the full route that the packets take to their destination (domain or IP address). Apart from that, you will see the hostnames and IPs of the routers on the way and the latency, the time it takes for each device to receive and resend the data.

You can see which gateway is discarding your data and later you can fix it.

Traceroute

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Why media can’t live without CDN

Do you remember the time when we were reading the news in a printed newspaper and we were going to a video store to rent a VHS? The things have changed a lot ever since. Now you get the daily brief from an online portal and the content rental stores are all in the clouds. CDN is responsible for the global distribution of all that content. It makes it possible that all the viewers get their content in a matter of milliseconds, even if they live far away from the source.

Every media company who wants to be international relies on CDN. Youtube, Amazon, Netflix and many more can’t provide equal service in so many different locations without it. It can deliver quality 4k video without buffering (if the visitors have quality internet too).

CDN

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Internet and DNS in Asia (Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia and more)

Current Internet state in Asia

Let’s first talk about the internet in Asia Pacific region. According to the Statista, this region is the most important internet area in the world. There are more than a billion users, with the 3 most connected countries – China (731m), India(462m) and Indonesia (132.7m).

Despite the enormous numbers, there is still plenty of room for growth. The internet penetration there is 44.7%, so still more than the half of the people there don’t use the internet. There are many users, and more are yet to connect. This makes it an exciting market. With a lot of traffic, the need of DNS in Asia will just grow as well. So to provide an excellent service in Hong Kong or Japan you will need DNS.

DNS

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What is CDN (Content delivery network)?

Everybody uses CDN (content delivery network). YouTube, Amazon, Netflix and many others are applying it in a massive world scale so you can enjoy your favorite content in a matter of milliseconds. But how does it work?

CDN

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What is DNS propagation? How to check DNS propagation?

DNS propagation, you already know what DNS is, and if you don’t, you can check it HERE.
Now let’s see the second word – propagation. To propagate, it means to spread ideas, opinions among people and places (Cambridge Dictionary).

DNS propagation

DNS propagation

It is about the time it takes, to expire the cache in the recursive servers after you make your nameservers to point to new hosting. When you make the changes in your DNS records, they will get instantly updated in the authoritative servers. It will take extra time, for the data, to be modified in all the recursive servers along the way.

The connection passes through many recursive servers, including those in your internet provider (ISP). All of them have TTL (Time to live) which defines for how long they will keep the DNS cache with the DNS records. The DNS cache exists mostly for load balancing so that it won’t be so heavy on your nameservers and to make the whole process faster.

When a user uses their browser to open a web page for the first time, he or she will send a request all the way to an authoritative server. If it is not for the first time, the request will get an answer on the way in a recursive server, and if the data is still up to date, the user will get his answer quicker.

Basically, the DNS propagation depends on the TTL in the DNS records.

How to make the DNS propagation faster?

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What is Ping? How to use Ping?

What is Ping?

Ping is a very universal command between all the operating systems. You can use it to test if you can reach your target and how much time it will take to do it. Ping sends Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packets to the destination. Then it waits for the echo reply. It can show statistic for this request, errors and packet loss.

When you use this command, you will send few echo requests, usually 4. Then you will receive a result for each of them, that indicates if they were successful, how much data was received, the time it took for the response and TTL (Time to live).

Ping

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Primary DNS server

We have already talked about what is DNS and what is a Secondary DNS, this time we will focus on the Primary DNS server. There is a DNS hierarchy in which the Primary DNS server is taking the central spot. It has the latest and full information, in comparison with lower level DNS servers who has just a cache of this information and with an expiry period.
Primary DNS

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