We have already talked about what is DNS and what is a Secondary DNS, this time we will focus on the Primary DNS server. There is a DNS hierarchy in which the Primary DNS server is taking the central spot. It has the latest and full information, in comparison with lower level DNS servers who has just a cache of this information and with an expiry period.
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When you browse the internet, you don’t write IP addresses to go to the pages you want; you just write the domain. In the “backstage”, every request that you do, passes through a DNS query. It first goes to your internet provider’s recursive DNS server. If it can’t find in the cache, the information needed, it will continue to other recursive servers until it gets to an authoritative DNS server who can give the IP address of the required domain. Basically, it is a name server, that is a middle-man between you, the user, and the authoritative DNS server.
Tasks of the recursive DNS server:
1. Checks if the IP address is stored in the cache memory. There is a certain period of time, pre-defined by the domain’s owner called Time to Live or TTL. It says for how long the recursive server can hold the information. If it is still there, it will return the answer fast and won’t take further actions.
2. Searches for the IP address elsewhere. If it is not in the cache, it will continue the searching process until it gets to an authoritative server which has the information.
Continue reading “What is a Recursive DNS server?”
Did you know that you can be an official reseller of our services? Yes, ClouDNS allows you resell DNS services to others and earn money. By doing so, you can help many people enjoy our competitive prices and excellent service.
Who can join this reselling program?
Many can benefit from it, but mostly it can add extra value to your hosting or domain business. You can seamlessly integrate our DNS services to your product portfolio and resell DNS. Thanks to the API that we provide, every business function is easily accessible and fully flexible.
Continue reading “How to resell DNS services? Add DNS to your product portfolio.”
DDoS attacks are getting stronger, and they happen more often every year. With the technology advance, there are many more connected devices out there. Billions of mobile phones and many “smart” connected gadgets are easily hackable. As IoT (internet of things) is getting more popular, but not secure enough, this danger will keep rising.
Continue reading “Most significant DDoS attacks in the recent years”
TTL – Time to live is a value that signifies how long should the data be kept before discarding. It is commonly used in computers. In the Domain Name System, it has a value in seconds (86 400 for a day, 43 200 for 12 hours and so on) that shows for how long, should a record be kept locally, before you need to make a new query to get this information. The TTL is set separately for the different records. They are set in the authoritative DNS server and the recursive DNS will keep the information depending on the predetermined time. This process of temporary having the record is called caching and the temporary stored data – DNS cache.
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In this article, we will use few different tools that will help you troubleshoot and monitor your DNS and network.
Continue reading “Тools – DNS trace, Ping, Traceroute, Nslookup, Reverse lookup”
Cyber-threats are behind every corner. Recently we wrote about DDoS attacks, and how hackers are using your computer and many connected devices to create a network of bots who can bring down even the best-protected network. Today we will review another danger – DNS spoofing.
Continue reading “DNS Spoofing (DNS poisoning)”
Are you a hosting provider who is searching for new ways to improve the user experience? The competition always looks like they are one step ahead and you struggle to keep up. You can’t afford to renew your equipment so often, so you are looking for another option.
Have you checked the possibility to implement Managed DNS in your hosting company?
Not yet!? Let us show you why this could be an excellent chance for you.
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There are various ways of sending data over IP – TCP, UDP, DCCP, SCTP, RSVP and more. We will focus our attention on the two that are most used – the UDP (User Datagram Protocol) and the TCP (Transmission Control Protocol).
UDP and TCP
Both protocols are used to send packets of data over the internet. They do that on top of the IP protocol, which means that they direct the packets to IP addresses. They are treated very similar on their way from the users’ computers, through the routers and all the way to the end destination.
Continue reading “Why does DNS use UDP?”
What is Reverse DNS?
You probably know already what is a forward DNS. It links the hostname/domain to the IP address. Now think from the opposite direction. Reverse DNS, also known as rDNS is doing the mirror action, using the IP address to find the hostname/domain. You might be surprised that this is actually needed, but it has significant application. It is very useful for e-mail verifications B2B and troubleshooting.
Continue reading “Reverse DNS and PTR record”