DNS is the backbone of the internet. It connects all the users to the content they need. It is a constant exchange of information, but sometimes the DNS fails and this cause downtime. A blackout period that can be evaded by using a backup DNS.
Backup DNS, also known as Secondary DNS or alternative DNS is a system of one or more DNS servers, who have a copy of the zone data (DNS records) of the Master (Primary) DNS server. It adds resilience, reduce the outage periods by answering requests even if the Master is down.
It is easy to set up, and it can save you tons of problems. If your Master DNS got damaged and lost the information, you would still have a copy in your Backup DNS.
What is the worst that can happen? Dyn DNS attack of 2016
Continue reading “What is backup DNS?”
Do you know the difference between a Master (Primary) and a Slave (Secondary) DNS zone?
What is a DNS zone
First, let us explain what a DNS zone is. DNS zone is a container of DNS settings and DNS records of a DNS namespace. The DNS namespace can have single or multiple DNS zones, each managed by a particular DNS host/service. This division helps for the administrative purposes. It is like an enormous pie, each piece of it allows better separation of the administrative load and helps with redundancy.
Don’t directly associate a DNS zone with a specific domain. A DNS zone may contain multiple domain names or a single one; the important thing is that it is used for controlling a fraction of the namespace. DNS zones can be on the same servers too.
Continue reading “What is a DNS zone? Master and Slave DNS zone and how to create it”
Have you ever received complaining messages from your users about emails sent to them from your email server, without your knowledge? Or maybe the emails you are sending are going directly to the users’ SPAM inbox?
Problems like these can seriously affect your business. Your clients can get phished and send their private information to a fake address which is pretending to be you. This can damage your reputation and can lead to different bans for you.
If you have such problems, then you need a Sender Policy Framework (SPF) to prevent spoofing and improve the reliability of your e-mail server. It is a validation system that verifies the legitimacy of your email server.
Continue reading “What is Sender Policy Framework, and how to setup SPF record?”
You are already a DNS user, and your server or website works great when you visit it from your computer. But that is not enough. You want to be sure that the DNS works great all around the world. For example, your primary server is in the US, but you want to see if there is not too much latency in Singapore, what should you do? Or you want to compare with your rivals, to know which is their provider and how well is it performing? There are many DNS tools that you can easily use for free, to check your DNS servers and to see if everything is working well. Each of these tools has slightly different functionality, just follow us, and we will explain to you what are they good for.
Continue reading “8 DNS tools for testing your servers”
For many years already, the Unicast protocol has been outdated for the purpose of fast and secure DNS. It can’t manage with massive DDoS attacks, can’t handle load balancing in different locations, and it is quite slow for a global presence. But don’t get desperate, a new technology is there to help you out.
So what can you use to provide fast and reliable DNS?
Anycast DNS is here to step in. It is by far superior technology! It reduces latency, give extra security and minimize downtime.
Continue reading “What is Anycast DNS and how does it work?”
We have already talked what is a DNS server or name server as it is also known. It is a complicated system that translates what we write (the domain name and address of a website that we desire) to IP addresses that computers and servers can understand.
Any DNS can be programmed to be primary (master) or secondary (slave), depends on the needs of the system as a whole. You can even have a primary DNS server that is secondary for another zone.
So what is the difference?
The hierarchy. The primary is the main one, and the secondary gets the DNS records from the primary. There are few different configurations of connecting the secondary that we would show you in a bit, but first, we want to explain to you why you need a secondary DNS.
If it does the same, why do you need it?
Continue reading “What is Secondary DNS?”
You cannot imagine the internet without DNS. There is almost no service that doesn’t depend on DNS technology. E-mails, VoIP, web services, all kind of CRM and ERP systems and much more. DNS is so important that we must take care of our network and make it as secure as possible.
Here we will show you some good practices to manage your DNS. Prevention is the best defense. Pay attention to these pieces of advice and take action.
Hide the master DNS
Configure the master DNS as a hidden. Like this, it will not be shown in the records of the name server. It will not appear, and it will not respond to any queries. Its purpose will be to give zone transfers to secondary name servers which will be public but doing it safely and hidden.
Continue reading “DNS best practices”
Imagine, after a long time, you need to open a bookmark that you have more than a few years already. You try to open it, and…suddenly you see an error – “404 Page not found”. The page you were looking for has gone without a trace, maybe the whole website is missing, or maybe it was just a small change of the URL, but you will probably never know.
This is your first touch with an HTTP status codes, and specifically with 400-type. There are different status code types: 1XX Information responses, 2XX Success, 3XX Redirection, 4XX client errors and 5XX server errors.
You know the owner of the website could have evaded this error with a straightforward action – use a redirection!
Put yourself in the owner’s shoes and let’s see how to avoid such problems.
There are two redirection methods which are mostly used – 301 (moved permanently) and 302 (moved temporarily). Continue reading “What are 301 and 302 redirects and how to use them?”
Domain Name System – DNS
DNS – Domain Name System is an amazing technology. It helps us open internet addresses without a hustle. We easily write the domain name and the DNS has the job to find the IP of the domain we wrote. Just like the phone book on your mobile phone, you need to find Mike, so you write “Mike”, and you don’t need to remember his actual number, great isn’t it?
DNS is an essential part of the Internet. It manages to translate all the inquiries into IP addresses, and like this, it can identify different devices that are connected to the network.
Continue reading “What is DNS?”
The network performance has become incredibly important. No matter if your organization is big or small, you don’t want to experience operational issues or network reliability problems. Load Balancing managed the demand by distributing the traffic and the application load over different servers depending on their current load.
It is not a new invention. In its early days, it was used between the end device and the application servers to check the servers and to send traffic to the least occupied.
But with the evolving of the networks, the load balancing has gotten a new shaped. Now it is not a simple distribution system. The load balancing has become very divided.
For example, there is application load balancer which distributes one single application over the servers; there is another which distributes only between the server cluster; another directs the traffic from multiple paths to a single destination.
Other load balancing solutions are very advanced. They can shape the traffic and act as intelligent traffic switches, do different health checks on the content, applications, and servers, add extra security on the network and protect it from malicious software and improve availability.
Continue reading “What is Load Balancing?”